Thirty six people lost their lives on Good Friday when a 16 storey build­ing under construction in central Dar es Salaam collapsed. The residen­tial building was at the junction of Indira Gandhi and Morogoro roads and near to a mosque. Emergency personnel were quickly on the scene and rescued 18 people from the rubble. President Kikwete also visited the site and sent his condolences to the bereaved. Subsequently eleven people including Assistant Registrar with Architects and Quantity Surveyors Registration Board, Albert Munuo, Raza Hussein Ladha (the building owner), the construction company’s owner, Ibrahim Kisoki and AQSRB Principal Enforcement Officer, Joseph Ringo were charged with 24 counts including manslaughter.

Scene following the collapse of the building

Scene following the collapse of the building

The Minister for Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development, Professor Anna Tibaijuka, ordered the NHC and its partner Ladha to immediately demolish a nearby tower which was also under construc­tion by the same firm Lucky Construction Limited. She also announced moves to audit all high rise buildings under construction, following reports that the developer of the tower had been given a permit for ten floors but was in fact planning to build nineteen.


The Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA) has banned the Morogoro-based radio station Imaan FM and the Mwanza­ based Neema FM Radio for six months for broadcasting inflamma­tory statements that “violated the law and broadcasting ethics”. The Authority also fined Clouds FM Radio TShs 5 million for holding a dis­cussion that “promoted and supported homosexuality” in the country through its morning programme, Power Breakfast.


Donovan (second left) in conversation with Princess Anne

Donovan (second left) in conversation with Princess Anne

Tanzanian Affairs co-editor Donovan McGrath was invited to Buckingham Palace on 11 March to receive a Butler Trust Award from Princess Anne in recognition of his work with Radio Wanno, Wandsworth Prison’s community radio station. Together with fellow radio tutor Simon Sujeewon and project manager Kevin Field, Donovan runs a Radio Production course for inmates. This course is oversub­scribed and has the best attendance record of any course at the prison.

The prisoners learn how to use sophisticated audio editing software and develop their literacy and IT skills while writing scripts for radio programmes. Many have barriers to learning, such as dyslexia, language problems and learning difficulties, or are tackling addiction, but at the project they find friendship and support as well as learning new skills. Students have credited the programme with giving them ‘endless opportunities’ and changing their mindset.


Prof. Mwaikambo receiving a Tanzanian Woman of Achievement Award in 2009

Prof. Mwaikambo receiving a
Tanzanian Woman of Achievement
Award in 2009

Britain Tanzania Society’s veteran Vice-President Prof Esther Mwaikambo has been awarded the 2013 Dr Martin Luther King Jr Drum Major for Justice award at a ceremony in the US Embassy in Dar es Salaam. She is a Senior Professor of Paediatrics and Child Health at the Hubert Kariuki Memorial University in Dar es Salaam and was the first Tanzanian female medical doctor. Her career spans over 40 years in public service and car­ries with it a longstanding concern on health issues, worker-patient rela­tionships, ethical conduct of health personnel, promotion of human rights in the delivery of the services and most importantly; a good clinical prac­tice. She has published more than 100 research papers in the areas of medi­cine and maternal care and has the dis­tinction of having founded and served as the Chairperson of the Medical Women Association of Tanzania from 1997 until 2006.


By Paul Gooday & James Pringle

Strong economic growth predicted
Tanzania’s economy is expected to see higher growth than other countries in East Africa. This is according to two new surveys by the World Bank and investment firm PineBridge, which highlighted the services and construction sectors and increasing global demand for gold as the key drivers of growth. PineBridge predicted the Tanzanian economy will grow by 7% in 2013, com­pared to 4.5-6.5% for other countries in the East African Community. (East African)

According to the Standard Chartered Bank Economic Outlook for Tanzania, developments in the energy sector will continue to bolster economic growth both in 2013 and over the medium term, driven by the discoveries of natural gas reserves off the coast of Tanzania estimated at 28.9 trillion cubic feet. The continued growth in agriculture, a successful cotton crop and investment in infrastructure should further brighten the economic outlook, combined with the expected increase in receipts from tourism, gold and manufactured goods.

Tanzania is included in Standard Chartered Bank’s ‘7% club’ – a list of coun­tries with GDP growth strong enough to make the economy double in a decade. (

The rate of inflation for January 2013 has decreased to 10.9% from 21.1% recorded in December 2012. The decrease is explained by the speed of price increases in commodities decreasing compared to December 2012. The infla­tion rate for food and non-alcoholic beverages decreased to 11.9% in January 2013 from 13.1 % recorded in December 2012. (

IMF Verdict
An International Monetary Fund (IMF) mission, led by Mr. Paolo Mauro visited Dar es Salaam from 21 February to 6 March and issued this statement: “Tanzania’s economy has continued to perform robustly. Economic growth is projected at about 7% in 2013. Inflation has continued to fall, albeit more slowly than envisaged, and is projected to be in the single digits by mid-2013.

Economic policy will aim at further moderating inflation, preserving a sustain­able debt outlook, and increasing foreign reserves, which will be facilitated by further enhancing exchange rate flexibility.
The mission was encouraged by the authorities’ readiness to moderately tighten monetary policy to meet their inflation objective of 7% by end-2013. It supported the authorities’ aim for a further reduction in the budget deficit in 2013/14, based on revenue targets, and also transparent support to the power sector. (IMF press release,

IMF Loan imminent
Tanzania has indicated that it will borrow $114m from the International Monetary Fund, under the standby credit line agreed in 2012. This credit is intended to provide a financial cushion against a reduction in external demand and access to global finance.

The high cost of imports of machinery for oil and gas exploration, and the Eurozone crisis, have had a negative impact on Tanzania’s balance of pay­ments. The IMF loan will act as a buffer against this problem, and will strengthen Tanzania’s position as it prepares to borrow upwards of $600m from the international debt market. (The East African)

Chinese President visits Tanzania, announces $10bn port in Bagamoyo
The recently appointed Chinese President, Xi Jinping, visited Tanzania in late March. He signed a range of economic partnership agreements and announced a $10bn project in Bagamoyo to construct a new port, complete with transport links and an industrial zone. Other agreements covered improvements to Tanzanian hospitals and the building of a Chinese cultural centre.

This was only the second country President Xi has visited since becoming President, after Russia, and was the first stop of a three-country tour of Africa. In a speech given to launch the Julius Nyerere Conference Centre in Dar es Salaam, built with Chinese support, President Xi spoke of the long history of China’s good relations with Tanzania. Details of the Bagamoyo port project have not been released, but according to the Economist Intelligence Unit the scale of the investment suggests a port 20 times the size of Dar es Salaam port. The terms of the Chinese finance for the port, and its operations, are not yet known, but it is expected to become operational by 2017.

A report in the Telegraph noted that China is the second-largest foreign investor in Tanzania, with stakes in agriculture, coal, iron ore and infrastructure, and quoted China expert Jonathan Holslag, head of research at the Brussels Insitute of Contemporary China Studies, as saying that Mr Xi was keen “to showcase that China’s approach to Africa is different from the West,” and that “…China is reviving [their] partnership with Tanzania by investing heavily in its infrastruc­ture”, such as railways that could provide a vital link to Chinese-run mines in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Later in President Xi’s tour, he joined other leaders of the BRICS grouping (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa), to announce the formation of a new Development Bank. This move was widely seen as a challenge to western-dominated financial institutions, in particular the World Bank. (CNN, Economist Intelligence Unit, Daily News, Guardian.)

Protests broke out recently in Mtwara region over the extraction of gas and the construction of a pipeline to transport the commodity to Dar es Salaam for refining and eventual sale. The protests caused damage estimated at $929,000 in vandalised property. Four people are said to have died in the riots and scores injured.

Local residents want the gas processing plant constructed in Mtwara instead of Dar es Salaam. Uwesy Salum Hamisis, chairman of the Mtwara elders, said the residents want the government to honour an earlier pledge to set up manufac­turing industries, including fertiliser, cement, glass and ceramic plants. Former president Benjamin Mkapa who hails from Mtwara has also raised concerns about the project. However government officials said the gas plant will remain in Dar es Salaam. (East African)

Peak Resources, an Australian firm, is expected to earn $361m annually from the Ngualla rare earth project in Mbeya region. According to Shaw Stockbroking Ltd, Ngualla is among the top three rare earth projects outside China, and has a pre-tax net profit value of $1.57bn. The site has mineral resources of 170 million tonnes. (The East African)

Barclays and Absa Group have announced they plan to combine their Africa operations. This deal, worth £1.3bn, would create the largest retail bank on the continent. It follows Barclays’ 2005 purchase of a majority stake in Absa, and efforts since 2011 to integrate the two banks’ operations. Absa would acquire Barclays operations in nine countries, including Tanzania.

Absa currently owns a 55% stake in the National Bank of Commerce (NBC), one of Tanzania’s leading retail banks. The Absa Chief Executive, Maria Ramos, said that no job losses or management changes would result from this move. (Financial Times, with thanks to John Sankey for this item)
The Tanzanian Minister for Finance and Economic Affairs, William Mgimwa, has called on local banks to stop raising lending rates, to encourage economic growth. The government now expects banks to peg their rates to the Bank of Tanzania rate, rather than to Treasury bills yield rates. (East African)

Tanzania’s Parliament on 4 February 2013 adopted a new government pro­gramme to provide loans to young people under 35 who are interested in start­ing agricultural businesses. TShs 200 Billion ($24 Million) will be earmarked annually from the national budget for the project. The Youth Fund will be an important means to curb the problem of youth unemployment. It will empower the young population to create their own employment opportunities, stimulate food production and help the country meet agricultural demands.

The new project is part of the government’s plan to invest a growing share of its budget in agriculture. According to the Director of Youth Development in the Ministry of Information, Culture and Sport, Mr Elisante Ole Gabriel, the gov­ernment will provide more details on how and where to apply for access to the Youth Fund, which will be available from 1 July 2013. (

Tanzania expects to earn $200m in revenues for coffee exports in the 2012­2013 season, compared to original projections of $250m. This reduction is a result of bumper harvests in South America and reduced demand in Europe and the US. Global prices have dropped by 24% in the past year, and are expected to fall further. The Tanzania Coffee Board plans to expand coffee acreage to an annual production target by 2020 of 100,000 tonnes, compared to 65-75,000 tonnes at present.

The outlook for tea is more positive. Industry managers across the region are expecting high prices following low production worldwide. This is despite a prolonged drought that affected East African tea estates early in 2012. (East African)

Construction and Housing
The National Housing Corporation (NHC) has officially announced a project to build two new satellite towns in Meru and Arusha-Rural Districts, where it owns more than 1000 acres of land. In 2011, 430 hectares were acquired at the cost of TShs 8.6 Billion ($5.4 Million) by the newly established Arusha District Council Trust Company. Hundreds of residential houses and shopping malls will provide low-income earners with ultra-modern residential houses. The houses will be for rent or sale. The project will also boost the District Council’s revenues.

NHC is state-owned and is Tanzania’s oldest public real-estate developer. It operates under the Minister for Lands, Housing and Human Settlement Development. Arusha is a vibrant dynamic urban centre which serves as the capital for the East African Community. The proposed new cities represent the biggest project the Arusha region has ever embarked on. A great deal of support from development partners in and outside the country will be required. (


Dr ALISON REDMAYNE, a dedicated and meticulous anthropologist known chiefly for her ethnographic and historical research among the Hehe and neighbouring peoples of Tanzania, died on 20 February 2013, aged 76. During the 1960s she produced a small but important body of research which remain the standard works on the precolonial and colonial history of the Hehe. She also made tape-recordings of a large corpus of oral tradition and musical performances in the field which are now preserved and digitised in the British Library. Her careful description of Hehe resistance and eventual submission to German military force highlighted an episode of enduring significance to the history and historiography of Tanzania and colonial violence. Alison was adopted as a member of the Hehe royal family, and used her Hehe name (Mung’anzagala Gisakamutemi Msengidunda Semugongolwa) with considerable pride. The people of Iringa and Mufindi will remem­ber her for her deep knowledge of their past and present, and for her unending devotion to their welfare.
(Abridged from a longer obituary by Martin Walsh, written for the Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford)

Dr ANDREW DAVIS, who died on January 10 aged 84, was director of parasitic diseases for the World Health Organisation (WHO) and cham­pion of Praziquantel – a life-saving drug against the tropical disease schistosomiasis. Schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzia) is a tropical worm disease and although not usually fatal, it can severely affect internal organs and, in children, lead to stunted growth and brain dam­age. Davis’s work involved the clinical pharmacology of drugs, notably Praziquantel, which he helped distribute to those in need: some 200 million people. After graduating from Durham Medical School in 1951, he reached the rank of acting lieutenant-colonel during his National Service in the Army. Davis was appointed director of the WHO bilhar­ziasis chemotherapy centre at Tanga on the East African coast in what is now Tanzania in 1962. There he investigated various preparations of the metal antimony against schistosomiasis, work that gained him his doctorate. Thank you to David Kelly for this item, reported in the Telegraph.

IAN McKEEVER, who was leading 22 Irish charity climbers up Mount Kilimanjaro, was struck by lightning and killed on December 30. His fiancée, Anna O’Louglin, 34, whom he was due to marry in September, was injured in the storm, as were up to six other members of the expe­dition. In 2008 Mr McKeever helped godson Sean McSharry aged 10 to become the youngest person from Europe to scale the mountain. (Telegraph and Evening Standard)


by Mark Gillies:

Murder of Father Mushi
Resuming my report after a gap of two issues, it is with regret that I lead with the sad story of the murder of the Roman Catholic priest, Father Evarist Mushi, shot dead at the entrance to his church on Unguja in February (see article on Religious Tensions for more details). In addition to the personal tragedy that is the death of Father Mushi, the incident contributes to a growing discourse on the alleged growing radicalisation of East African Islam and the increase in religious tension between Islam and Christianity. Such discourse, whether accurate or not, is to the detriment of Tanzania in general and Zanzibari tourism in particular.

Although there have been other seemingly similar incidents on the mainland, it remains unclear whether the Zanzibar incident can be attributed to a local dispute over land ownership or to a wider issue of religious tension.

British Airways pull out of Tanzania
British Airways have decided to discontinue their direct flights to Dar es Salaam from London Heathrow, effective from 1 April 2013. Despite being the only direct flights from the UK into Dar, the route was deemed to be no longer commercially viable.

Kenya Airways look to be the immediate beneficiary as they now offer the best connections and, generally, good value fares. However, industry insiders are now asking whether Virgin will fill the breach. So far, nothing has been confirmed, but watch this space.

Swahili Tourism Fair
Though the Tanzanian Tourist Board must be disappointed by the BA announcement, they had their own good news; the completion in February of an agreement between the tourism boards of South Africa and Tanzania to initi­ate a Swahili Tourism Fair for the first week of October. Due to be hosted at Milimani City, Dar es Salaam, the Swahili Tourism Fair will be backed by the biggest South African tourism promoter, Witch & Wizard Creative (Pty) Ltd, organisers of the hugely successful tourism ‘Indaba’ held in Durban each year.

The managing director of the Tanzania Tourist Board, Dr Aloyce Nzuki, stated that the new initiative is projected to double the number of tourists visiting the country and lead to enormous investments over five years. “Until December, last year, tourism figures stood at 950,000 foreign visitors with net earnings of $1.4 billion (about TShs2.24trillion) annually,” said Dr Nzuki at the signing ceremony. He added “we expect to attract more tourists with the implementa­tion of the Swahili Fair during the first week of every October.”

Tanzania’s ability to increase visitor numbers and tourism-related revenue was endorsed by the success of Tanzanian destinations in the 2013 Safari Awards, when Nomad Lamai camp won ‘Best New Safari Property in Africa’ (Arusha Times). Set in the rocks of the Kogakuria Kopje in the Serengeti, the Lamai is one on the three properties constructed in the area after the government released new tenders in 2006.
The Serengeti National Park was itself recently chosen as the 2013 global win­ner of the International Award of the Tourism, Hotel and Catering Industry and, more significantly, was voted one of the seven wonders of the modern world. These awards and the consistently high visitor numbers testify to the popularity and importance of the Serengeti ecosystem for tourism and conservation. What impact this will have on the government’s development plans for the region remains unclear.

And finally…

Miss Indaya (kneeling extreme right) and other members of the expedition (wfp)

Miss Indaya (kneeling extreme right) and other members of the expedition (wfp)

Miss Anna Philipo Indaya has become the first Hadzabe woman to reach the summit of Mt. Kilimanjaro. As reported by Peter Temba in the 8 March Daily News, Miss Indaya, a teacher at Endamaghan Primary School, reached the summit at 07:00 on Tuesday 5 March, accompanied by fellow Tanzanian Ashura Kayupayupa and seven Nepalese women. The Hadzabe, one of Tanzania’s smallest ethic groups, traditionally practice a hunter-gatherer life­style in the area of Lake Eyasi, but their lifestyle is threatened by current land use pressures. The expedition was backed by the United Nations World Food Programme, the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism, the Tanzania National Parks Authority and Childreach International. Well done Miss Indaya!


by Donovan McGrath

Tanzania faces fresh pressure over airport – East African (5 January 2013).
Extract: ‘Tanzania is facing renewed pressure to shelve the construction of an international airport next to the world famous Serengeti National Park … “The government is facing real pressure from some circles, but it will go ahead despite all these,” [said Deputy Transport minister Charles Tizeba]. Construction of the $350 million airport was expected to start early this year … The Friends of Serengeti movement has repeatedly denounced having an airport so close to the World Heritage Site, saying it would attract more human activity near the fragile Serengeti-Mara ecosystem. Opponents of the project say the landing and takeoff of large planes in Mugumu could damage wildlife migration patterns…’

Fastjet threatened with licence removal – Independent (6 February 2013)
Extract: ‘Major turbulence yesterday hit Fastjet, the African budget airline backed by easy-Jet founder Sir Stelios Haji-Ioannou, as a legal dispute saw the former owner of its Kenyan business threaten to take away its licence. Fastjet’s Africa operations have been licensing the Fly540 brand from Five Forty Aviation – majority-owned by chief executive Don Smith since 2008. But Five Forty claims Fastjet has not filed safety reports for the past three months and that one plane, “which flew with defects from Tanzania and landed in Nairobi on 14 December, should not have flown”. It also alleges Fastjet owes it $7.7m (£4.9m) in licensing fees …’ Thank you Roger Nellist for sending this article – Editor

Tanzania leads East Africa in switching to digital television – East African (5-11 January 2013)
‘Other countries have been held back by the pricing of set-top boxes or logis­tics.’ Extract continues: ‘Tanzania is the first East African country to switch off the analogue television signal despite fears that the pricing of set-top boxes would disrupt the process… The Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA) switched off the analogue signal in Dar es Salaam on December 31, 2012 at midnight but said it will take a phased approach in order to ensure the process is smooth. But there were reports of technical hitches … TCRA linked the hitches to the lack of public awareness on installation of the set-top boxes rather than quality of devices or frequencies…’

West Cork volunteers install solar-powered plant in Tanzania – Southern Star (8 December 2012)
It is always nice to see Tanzania featured in local press. This little piece, which comes from Ireland, came a bit late to be included in TA 104, but here it is!
Extract: ‘… Two volunteers from West Cork, Xavier Dubuisson … and Sean Coomey … travelled to Tanzania to install a solar power system at a primary school run by the African Benedictines. The project was an international co-operation between Cork charity Solar Without Frontiers (SWF), Glenstal Abbey, St Ottilien Archabbey in Germany and the Mvimwa Abbey in Tanzania. SWF, set up by a group of sustainable energy specialists in Co Cork, aims to bring solar energy to disadvantaged communities in Africa… The school in Mvimwa caters for approximately 470 pupils, aged between four and 13. Boarders from all over Tanzania as well as local students attend the school, which is recognized as a centre of excellence in education in Tanzania… SWF estimate that the solar PV system will meet approximately 90% of the school’s electricity demand, resulting in a saving of £3,700 in diesel fuel cost.’ Thanks to Ann Moriyama for this article – Editor

When Dar, the haven of peace, was the Mecca of revolutionaries – East African (5-11 January 2013)
Extract: ‘…Right through the 1960s and 70s, the country’s capital Dar es Salaam attracted the global revolutionary set like a beacon. Among them was the late Guyanese historian Walter Rodney, the 32nd anniversary of whose assassina­tion was marked in June [2012]. He was among numerous academics, intellec­tuals, political activists, freedom fighters and dreamers from around the world who settled in Tanzania at different times during the Ujamaa era… Revelling in an atmosphere that not only fuelled their idealism but also served as a hothouse to incubate ideologies and movements they believed would change the world… The Organisation of African Unity Liberation Committee – earlier based in Accra, Ghana – moved its headquarters to Dar-es-Salaam. Tanzania became a reliable rear base for Namibia’s South West African People’s Organisation (Swapo) and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) as well [as] South Africa’s African National Congress (ANC), the Zimbabwe African National Union (Zanu), the Zimbabwe African People’s Union (Zapu) and the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA)… Having oper­ated from Tanzania for many years, people like current Namibian president Hifikepunye Pohamba and his predecessor Dr Sam Nujoma retain fond memories of their years there… The late president Julius Nyerere’s leadership had made it clear that freedom for the country was meaningless as long as other African countries remained under colonial rule. It therefore welcomed African freedom fighters with open hands, including some who would eventu­ally perish in the course of the struggle. Among them was Eduardo Mondlane, the former Frelimo president who was assassinated in 1969 by a parcel bomb sent to him at the Frelimo headquarters in Dar es Salaam… Apart from the hands-on freedom fighters and activists, many distinguished academics and intellectuals were also drawn by the political environment in Dar. Thus Walter Rodney, who influenced so many African Independence-era intellectuals with his 1972 treatise How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, had two stints teaching at the University of Dar es Salaam. According to Horace Campbell, a renowned scholar … Rodney’s time in Tanzania was “perhaps the most important in the formation of [his] ideas”, and while based in Dar, “he was at the forefront of establishing an intellectual tradition which still today makes Dar es Salaam one of the centres of discussion of African politics and history.” …’

Transporting dinosaurs the hard way – Guardian (online 6 March 2013)
Dr Dave Hone takes a look at the issues facing palaeontologists past and pre­sent when it comes to moving fossils. Extract: ‘A key problem with excavating dinosaurs and other fossils is that these tend to be in remote places… That means that once you have dug up your bones and wrapped them in a protective plaster jacket, you need to get them to a road in order to get them to a museum. Off-road vehicles help of course, but can’t always get that close to the site… Naturally modern machinery makes a big difference, but even back in the late 1800s and early 1900s there were typically large numbers of horses (or camels in Asia) available, and distances to some form of road or railway were not too prohibitive. However, one major expedition really took the biscuit, cake and most of the sweet trolley when it came to transporting bones, and recently I was lucky enough to catch up with the last vestiges of their efforts. Descend to the bone cellar in the Berlin Museum for Nature today and there are a couple of neat racks of bamboo cylinders on the shelves representing the last of the dinosaur remains collected in east Africa over a century ago. Back in the first decade of the 1900s, a team of German palaeontologists began excavating what would prove to be one of the great dinosaur field sites in what is now Tanzania. Huge numbers of colossal bones were uncovered … and in just a few years of excavation they had amassed a collection of thousands of individual specimens (though sadly many were lost in World War II bombings). However, the terrain was horrific and funds were relatively low, and pack animals didn’t do well in the heat. So how do you transport single bones that weigh several hundred kilos some 60 kilometers (as the crow flies) to the coast? The solution was to have them carried by hand. A near army of locals were hired to help dig out the material and still more were employed to carry the bones out of the field. Local bamboo was cut and held together with wire to create cylinders that could be carried by a single person. The cylinders were then walked out in trains of people to the port of Lindi where they were packed into crates and shipped to Germany. Larger cases were created that could be carried by two to six people (and on one occasion eight), but beyond this they became too hard to manipulate over the rough ground and so setting a relatively low size limit on what could be carried. The biggest bones were therefore carefully broken into smaller chunks, marked up, and then reassembled back in Berlin. All together it required more than 5000 man-journeys (it was a four day walk to the coast) to shift 185 tons of material in 4300 individual containers in under five years. So many of these were taken out in such a short space of time, and so much work was required in Berlin to open, prepare, clean and mount the fossils that not all of the containers were ever opened. Fortunately while there may be a few still sitting unopened, their contents are not a mystery as a few years ago the museum had them CT scanned so we do know what is in there… Even with hundreds of bearers, the idea of carrying the best part of two hundred tons of bones cross-country for tens of miles seems staggering, and my respect of their achievements is colossal: the material is in superb condition. Still, I wouldn’t have minded a spare helicopter on a couple of my last few trips to ease the burden.’ Thanks to Tim Brooke for this item – Editor

Ngorongoro project on the spot – East African (19-25 January 2013)
Extract: ‘Controversy surrounds a TShs5 billion ($3.154 million) livestock project in Tanzania’s Ngorongoro Crater initiated three years ago, with claims of irregularities and misappropriation of funds. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority (NCAA), which was to establish a 3,000 hectare livestock ranch for the Maasai community in the tourist site, is now trading accusations with the Public Procurement Regulatory Authority (PPRA) over the stalling of the project. In 2009, the government directed the NCAA to spend the cash on establishing a ranch that would be used to transform Maasai livestock hus­bandry in Ngorongoro. It was to be operational in July 2011, with a capacity to contain 70,000 cattle. But, a year and a half later, with nearly TShs2 billion ($1,261 million) spent, there is nothing to show for it. The East African has been informed that the funds were spent to pay a consultant and to conduct a study tour of France by elders from the Maasai community. The [PPRA], a parliamentary committee and the state are now suspecting swindling of some of the money. However, the NCAA management denies any impropriety, instead accusing the PPRA of interfering with the project in the implementation phase over procurement technicalities…’

Two tons of ivory seized at Kenya port – Evening Standard (16 January 2013)
Extract: ‘Kenyan authorities have seized at least two tons of illegal elephant ivory in Mombasa. Port customs officers impounded 638 pieces from Tanzania in a container bound for Indonesia that was said to be carrying “decoration stones”… There is a growing demand in China for ivory trinkets.’

Call of the wild: family of gorillas to be freed in African – Times (24 October 2012)
Extract: ‘…An 11-strong family of gorillas … will be released into the wild after living in captivity at a wildlife park. The group is headed by Djala, a 30-year­old male rescued from poachers in Africa and taken to the wildlife partk at Port Lympne, Kent, in the 1990s. His family consists of five “wives” and five offspring aged between 6 years and 8 months. They were all reared in captiv­ity… The release [in Africa], planned for early [2013], is the first time a rein­troduction of a family group has been attempted the conservation organisation [the Aspinall Foundation] said… The foundation, which runs a captive-breeding programme [as part of its Back to the Wild initiative], has already released 3 black rhino into the wild in Tanzania … where it says they are doing well…’
Thanks to John Sankey for this item – Editor

Kiswahili, lingua franca on a roll: Kiswahili has spread beyond region, thrives in unexpected places – East African (1-7 December 2012)
Ciugu Mwagiru writes about the swift spread of Kiswahili. Extract: ‘For those concerned about the loss of African heritage and our rapidly vanishing languages and cultures, the best news of the decade is that Tanzania plans to promote the teaching of Kiswahili in foreign countries and will be setting up offices for that purpose through its embassies abroad. Amos Makalla, the coun­try’s deputy Minister for Information, Youth, Culture and Sports, said recently, the project will kick off “very soon” with the opening of a teaching office in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa, which also hosts the headquarters of the African Union… Tanzanian parliament ratified a protocol on the establishment of the East African Kiswahili Commission, which seeks to recognise Kiswahili as the regional bloc’s lingua franca. Tanzania became the second country to ratify the protocol after Kenya… The Ugandan parliament has yet to ratify the new protocol… Rwanda and Burundi … have already sought the green light from the East African Community Secretariat to embark on the promotion of Kiswahili in their countries… Kiswahili has become the second language for millions of people in East and Central Africa, where it is either an official or national language… Already an official language of the African Union, along­side English, French, Arabic, Portuguese and Spanish, Kiswahili has grown fast and now thrives in unexpected places: Libya, the Comoros Islands, Mayotte, Mozambique, Oman, Rwanda, Somalia, United Arab Emirates and even South Africa, Canada and the US… At the global level, Kiswahili has grown fast, and today, estimates show it is spoken by some 120 to 150 million people, a huge jump from 2007 figures. In that year, Kiswahili was estimated to have six mil­lion native speakers and 40 million second language speakers…’

Politics: President Kikwete’s loss of CCM influence means he will not be able to pick his successor – Africa Report (No 46 December 2012-January 2013)
This article was published in the Country Profiles/East Africa section in The Africa Report magazine, under the subheading: Constitutional Conflicts.
Extract: ‘Party Chairman Kikwete seems to have little influence in determining who will succeed him after his second five-year term ends in 2015, due to his declining popularity and power within the CCM. He has publicly complained that corruption and internal divisions may soon shake the party’s power. Former prime minister Edward Lowassa, who resigned in 2007 over corruption, is seen as the CCM’s leading presidential candidate… Other leading contenders are foreign affairs minister Bernard Membe and East African cooperation minister Samuel Sitta. Although nobody has publicly declared their intention to run for office, the potential presidential candidates have already started mounting campaigns with the party. An ongoing process to write a new constitution will continue with the Constitutional Review Commission (CR) touring the country to garner views… However, the constitutional review process has motivated separatist movements and radicals in Zanzibar who want the isles to be granted full independence…’

Should I stay or should I go? – Africa Report (No 46 December 2012-January 2013)
Extract: ‘The secession debate is taking centre stage in Zanzibari politics as a growing number of radicalised movements spread to the mainland. Mainlanders are increasingly sceptical of the union with the islands, which include Zanzibar and Pemba, while Islamic separatist movement Uamsho is questioning the authority of the National Muslim Council, which they perceive as pro-government… There have also been allegations that top leaders in the islands’ leading opposition party, the Civic United Front, as well as in the ruling CCM, are providing support to the separatist movement…’

$21m bailout to rescue Tazara from collapse – East African (9-15 February 2013)
‘This is the newest and most outreaching of railway systems in the Comesa and SADC sub-regions.’ Extract continues: ‘A total of $21.2 million will be injected into the troubled jointly owned Tanzania Zambia Railway Authority (Tazara) in a bailout plan agreed by both countries… Slightly under half of the amount ($10 million) will be contributed equally by the Zambian and Tanzanian govern­ments … while the rest ($11.2 million) would come from “smart partnerships.” … The cash injection will rescue Tazara from its current hand-to-mouth modus operandi and set it on the path to recovery …’


According to a report in the Citizen on a study carried out by ‘Twiplomacy’ late last year, President Kikwete @jmkikwete is an active tweeter with an average of 2.52 tweets a day, and 26,762 followers. However, in common with most of his peers in other countries, he is not yet taking full advantage of social media to develop connections with fellow leaders. At the time of the report he followed only two people – Deputy Minister for Communication, Science and Technology January Makamba and a citizen-centred initiative called ‘Twaweza’.

The President is said to love to engage his followers, to create healthy debates and wish them good luck. Three quarters of his tweets are replies to his fellows. He also tweets, in English and Swahili, words of wisdom on current events and links to articles or websites relevant to Tanzania. According to the report, European Union President Herman van Rompuy was the best connected world leader although he only followed 11 fellow leaders. President Obama and the White House have established mutual Twitter rela­tions with only three other world leaders: Norwegian Jens Stoltenberg, David Cameron and Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev. The governments of almost two-thirds of 193 UN member countries have a presence on Twitter: 45% of the 264 accounts analysed are personal accounts of heads of state and government, but just 30 world leaders tweet themselves and very few on a regular basis.

As of April 2013, the President’s followers had increased to 61,957, and he is now following eleven people, one of whom is the Tanzania High Commissioner to the UK, Peter Kallaghe.


by Philip Richards

Keeping the World Cup dream alive
Taifa Stars kept their hopes alive for making the World Cup 2014 finals in Brazil by delivering a classy, purposeful performance to beat Morocco 3-1 at the National Stadium on 24 March (Daily News). This puts Tanzania only a single point behind Group C leaders Ivory Coast and 4 and 5 points clear of Morocco and Gambia, all sides having played 3 games each. Coach Kim Poulsen’s team will now prepare diligently for the return game in Morocco in June and a home tie against Ivory Coast a week later, with the final game against Gambia in September. Hopefully Tanzanian Affairs will be able to report on some positive news in our next issue. In the meantime, Tanzania continues to move steadily up the FIFA rankings to 119 (out of 207).

Athletics still to fulfil potential

The podium spots for the Kilimanjaro Marathon in early March were domi­nated by Kenyan athletes. However, Tanzania rescued some pride through Zanzibari runner Sarah Ramadhani, who won the women’s half-marathon. This prompted the Minister for Information, Youth, Culture and Sports, Ms Fenella Mukangara, to call for local runners, and the sport regulatory body Athletics Tanzania, to up their performance and bring to an end the country’s shame of organising big events but failing to win (Daily News). The Minister also called for an improved Tanzanian performance in next year’s Commonwealth Games in Scotland, after returning empty-handed from the London Olympics last sum­mer. On a positive note, Tanzania hopes to secure a medal at the World Cross Country Championships in Poland in April.

Focus on cricket
In February, Tanzania took part in the ICC Twenty20 Africa qualifiers in Kampala. Kenya and the hosts (Uganda) qualified for the next round, leaving Tanzania stranded in third place, ahead of Botswana and Nigeria. Tanzania’s Benson Nyaikini Mwiita was named player of the tournament. Cricket has an interesting history in Tanzania. The game was introduced in the late 19th century, with the earliest recorded games taking place on Zanzibar between the British community and the Royal Navy (www.tanzaniacricket. com). The existence of an official cricket association in the country dates back to 1946 when Kenya, Uganda and Tanganyika joined up to form the East African Cricket Conference. Tanzania is now one of 36 associate members of the International Cricket Confederation (ICC). The national team reached Division 3 of the ICC World Cricket League in 2006 but more recently its fortunes declined and it currently sits in Division 5.

Visits by India, Pakistan and the MCC have provided exposure for the game in the country. The MCC in late 2012 played four matches against Tanzania Cricket Association XI, the MCC losing all but one of the matches against a mix of Tanzanian national squad members and talented club cricketers. The game in Tanzania is also being embraced by women, although social challenges remain a barrier, especially in retaining young players. (Thanks to David Kelly for his contribution towards this article).